Nagaland /ˈnɑːɡəlænd/ is a state in Northeast India. It borders the state of Assam to the west, Arunachal Pradesh and part of Assamto the north, Burma to the east, and Manipur to the south. The state capital is Kohima, and the largest city is Dimapur. It has an area of 16,579 square kilometres (6,401 sq mi) with a population of 1,980,602 per the 2011 Census of India, making it one of the smallest states of India.
Two threads common to all are language and religion. English is in predominant use. Nagaland is one of three states in India where the population is mostly Christian.
Nagaland became the 16th state of India on 1 December 1963. Agriculture is the most important economic activity and the principal crops include rice, corn, millets, pulses, tobacco, oilseeds, sugarcane, potatoes, and fibres. Other significant economic activity includes forestry, tourism, insurance, real estate, and miscellaneous cottage industries.
The state has experienced insurgency as well as inter-ethnic conflict since the 1950s. The violence and insecurity have long limited Nagaland’s economic development, because it had to commit its scarce resources on law, order, and security. In the last 15 years, the state has seen less violence and annual economic growth rates nearing 10% on a compounded basis: one of the fastest in the region.
The state is mostly mountainous except those areas bordering Assam valley which comprises 9% of the total area of the state. Mount Saramati is the highest peak at 3,840 metres and its range forms a natural barrier between Nagaland and Burma. It lies between the parallels of 98 and 96 degrees east longitude and 26.6 and 27.4 degrees latitude north. The state is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna.
Major Festivals of the Nagas
|Zeliang||Hega, Langsimyi/Chaga Gadi, and Mileinyi||February, October, March|
|Yimchungru||Metumniu, Tsungkamniu||August, January|
|Sumi||Ahuna, Tuluni||November, July|
|Phom||Monyu, Moha, Bongvum||April, May, October|
|Kuki||Mimkut, Chavang kut||January, November|
|Konyak||Aoleang Monyu, Lao-ong Mo||April, September|
|Khiamniungan||Miu Festival, Tsokum||May, October|
|Dimasa Kachari||Bushu Jiba,||January, April|
|Chang||Kundanglem, Nuknyu Lem||April, July|
|Chakhesang||Tsukhenyie, Sekrenyi||April/May, January|
|Ao||Moatsu, Tsungremong||May, August|
Nagaland was first connected to the railway line in 1903 when the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) wide metre gauge railway track earlier laid by Assam Bengal Railway from Chittagong to Lumding was extended to Tinsukia on the Dibru-Sadiya line.
As part of the Indian Railway’s ambitious plan to connect the capitals of all north-eastern states by broad gauge rail link, railway minister Suresh Prabhu laid the foundation stone of the 88-km rail line to bring Kohima, the capital of Nagaland, on the railway map of India. The capitals of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh and Tripura have already been connected with broad gauge line and projects are under various stages of progress to connect four other capitals of Mizoram, Meghalaya, Manipur and Sikkim. The project will be executed in three phases. The first phase involves construction of Dhansiri to Sukhovi (16 km) line, the second phase involves Sukhovi to Khaibong (30 km) and the third phase involves Khaibong to Zubza (45 km). While the first phase of the project is targeted for completion by December 2018, the second and third phases are targeted for completion by December 2019 and March 2020 respectively. Rs 350 crore has been allotted for financial year 2016-17 for the project. The total sanctioned cost of the project is Rs 2,315 crore. Prabhu said in line with the vision of the Prime Minister Narendra Modi, Indian Railways has drawn up several developmental plans for the Northeastern region. The railway ministry has decided to make the planning process for projects participatory having scope for people’s participation in the form of suggestions etc. For this an IT enabled platform has been designed which will make people’s participation easy and the process transparent. All stakeholders would be able to participate in the planning process and monitor progress of the projects, he said. Governor of Nagaland, PB Acharya, minister of state for railways, Rajen Gohain, chief minister of Nagaland T R Zeliang, general manager of Northeast Frontier Railway, Chahatey Ram, were present in the function held at the Dimapur railway. Dimapur is the only railway station in Nagaland and is on the Guwahati-Dibrugarh rail section. Prabhu said since the region was culturally rich, instructions had been issued to design all future railway stations reflecting the local culture and heritage of the region. He also said that the Indian Railways Catering and Tourism Corporation (IRCTC) would be advised to explore possibility of marketing the handloom and handicraft products of the state. This project was sanctioned by Railway Board in 2007-08. Considering its importance, it was declared a National Project in 2007. The new line will take off from the existing railhead at Dhansiri railway station, 19 km from Dimapur, and reach Zubza which is 16 km short of Kohima.
Railway: North East Frontier Railway
- Broad gauge: 7.98 miles (12.84 km)
- Total: 7.98 miles (12.84 km)
National highways: 227.0 miles (365.3 km)
- NH 61: Kohima, Wokha, Tseminyu, Wokha, Mokokchung, Changtongya, Tuli
- NH 29: Dimapur-Kohima-Mao-Imphal (134.2 mi or 216.0 km)
- NH 36: Dimapur-Doboka-Nagaon (105.6 mi or 169.9 km)
- NH 150: Kohima-Jessami via Chakhabama-Pfutsero (74.6 mi or 120.1 km)
- NH 155: Mokukchung-Jessami via Tuesang-Kiphire (206.9 mi or 333.0 km)
- Dimapur Airport, is 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from Dimapur main town, and 74 kilometres from Kohima District. It is the only airport in Nagaland with scheduled commercial services to Kolkata, West Bengal and Guwahati and Dibrugarh, Assam. The airport’s asphalt runway is 7513 feet long, at an elevation of 487 feet. Airlines like Air India and Indigo have daily schedules to Dimapur from Kolkata.
December 1st – 10th
Tribal Naga Morung Hut